Leicester Independent Memory Clinic
Leicester Independent Memory Clinic

How to contact us

Leicester Independent Memory Clinic


at The London Road Clinic 

96 London Road  




0845 6187077


Consultation times

By appointment only; currently Wednesday evening and Friday morning


Hardly a day goes by without new medical knowledge being reported. This section provides you with a selection of interesting news about progress in the understanding and treatment of cognitive disorders and also developments at the Clinic.



Useful information about memory and cognitive disorders

Terminology and definitions:

Dementia - This is a general description for a broad range of illnesses, the main feature of which is a disabling level of impairment of memory and other aspects of thinking, reasoning and information processing. Disabling in this context means intrusive enough to interfere at least to some extent with the patient's normal day to day activities. Unfortunately most dementia-causing illnesses are progressive and irreversible although there are always practical things that can be done to help and support the patient to maintain their independence for as long as possible. For some types of dementia medical treatments are available that may improve or stabilise some of the symptoms.


Mild cognitve impairment (also known as minimal cognitive disorder) - This is a clinically recognisable problem with memory, or sometimes with other aspects of cognitive funtion, which can be a nuisance and a source of concern but is not really disabling and therefore does not meet the criteria for dementia. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is not a single illness and it has a very variable prognosis. Some patients with MCI may progress to develop more troublesome cognitive problems over time.


Alzheimer's disease - This is a degenerative brain disorder and throughout most countries of the world is the most common cause of memory and other cognitive problems. It is now thought that Alzheimer's disease ocurs as a result of the accumulation of abnormal proteins in the brain, a process which usually occurs over many years or even decades even though symptoms may only arise in the later stages.


Vascular dementia - This is a form of dementia (see above) in which the problems are caused by circulatory disease in the brain. Disease of the larger or small arteries results either in strokes or a more generalised pattern of reduced blood flow. Both of these processes can impair memory and other aspects of thinking and information processing.

Did you know?

  • An ageing population means more people with memory problems - In 2012 in the UK there were 800,000 people with more serious cognitive problems (dementia) of which 99.98% were over the age of 65 years.
  • What's good for the heart is good for the head - There is growing evidence that conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels are also responsible for increasing the risk of Alzheimer's disease as well as vascular dementia. Controlling these cardiovascular risk factors may turn out to be one of the best ways of lowering the risk of conditions like Alzheimer's in later years.
  • A healthy mind in a healthy body -  Regular exercise taken throughout life may help to reduce the risk of cognitive problems in old age either directly or indirectly via cardiovascular benefits.
  • Use it or lose it - Various strands of evidence, both from studies of people and of animals, suggest that maintaining mental and social activity into later life is helpful in maintaining cognitive performance.

Links to other useful sources of information:

Alzheimer's society -


Alzheimer's society is the Leading UK charity providing support, information and advocacy for people with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia and cognitive impairment


National Institute for Health and Care Excellence good practice guidelines on the support of people with dementia - 


The UK National Institiute for Health and Care Excellence publishes authoritative best-practice guidance on a broad range of health conditions including dementia


Alzheimer's Association - 


Alzheimer's Association is an international organisation aiming to advance research to end Alzheimer's and dementia while enhancing care for those living with these diseases





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© Dr Richard Prettyman - Leicester Independent Memory Clinic